Whether:無論 / 是否 / 是a 或 b

whether A or B:是 A 或 B

「擬人化」,轉變成一個名詞子句去當做「主詞」
「擬人化」,轉變成一個名詞子句去當做「受詞」viral 病毒的
  • Whether she likes green or blue is not important.(粗體字表示把「喜歡哪種顏色」這件事擬人化了,當作主詞來使用)
  • She didn’t know whether he was laughing or crying.(粗體字表示把「是笑還是哭」擬人化了,當作受詞來用)
  • [bb w=”whether”]https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=944&v=vkNVN236M20&feature=emb_logo[/bb]
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BBE 追求「動態個體化」教育:dynamic individulized education style

Best Banana English 致力於追求嶄新, 完美的「英語」學習體驗,而引導我們前進,最重要的明燈,便是 FLOW 理論!其強調的按個體差異化來調整學習活動,不僅能為學習者帶來巨大的成就感,更在能在腦科學的層面上,強化腦部記憶神經的聯結,提高學習的效率,請參考:

Takeaway

  • The ideal English drilling model of BBE is based on the theory of FLOW which features individualized learning style.
  • It is because of the high cost of the FLOW implementation that classrooms nowadays remain the lecture-style pedagogy leading to “learned helpless” on a massive scale.
  • It has been kicked off to integrate technology into learning & teaching process to reduce the cost of individualized education in America by Khan Academy.
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

maslow's hierarchy of needs five stage pyramid
  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid.
  • Needs lower down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before individuals can attend to needs higher up.
  • From the bottom of the hierarchy upwards, the needs are: physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization.
  • Cite:
    https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html

專注「成就感」,而不是「樂趣」

當今社會,學習資源極易取得,然而,娛樂資源更是隨處可得,其結果,學習的成功與否,很大程度便決定於,學習者究竟是能擅加利用學習資源,亦或是深陷娛樂資源無法自拔,也因此,學習動機(motivation)在近幾年來討論度相當高,大量的教育工作者都在想辦法增加課程的樂趣,希望能讓學習者對學習上癮,如同對遊戲上癮一般,然而,Toma 建議:

請停止追求樂趣

Takeaway:

  • Stop improving the fun part of education but focus on the learning efficiency for the sense of achievement.
  • It is very important that young souls learn from school that they can earn what they want through pains and efforts before they graduate and enter the cruel society.
  • Teachers should avoid being an actor or actress to serve the information with smile and fun, but instead should try to be a coach to require and help the students.